POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form on or inside an ovary. Most cysts don't cause any symptoms and go away on their own. A large ovarian cyst can cause abdominal discomfort. Each month during your menstrual cycle, a follicle grows on the ovary. A follicle is where an egg (also called an ova)is developing. Most months, one egg is released from this follicle in a process called ovulation. If the follicle fails to break open and release the egg, the fluid stays in the follicle and forms a cyst. This is called a follicular cyst.
Another type of cyst occurs after an egg has been released from a follicle. This is called a corpus luteum cyst. Such cysts often contain a small amount of blood.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a condition in which a woman has an imbalance of a female sex hormones. This may lead to menstrual cycle changes, cysts in the ovaries, trouble getting pregnant, and other health changes. It is a common hormonal disorder among women of reproductive age.
It is not completely understood why or how these changes in the hormone levels occur, but the changes make it harder for a woman's ovaries to release fully grown (mature) eggs. Normally, during a woman's period, one or more eggs are released in a process called ovulation. In PCOS, mature eggs are not released from the ovaries. Instead, they can form very small cysts in the ovary. These changes can contribute to infertility. The other symptoms of this disorder are due to the hormone imbalances. Early diagnosis and treatment may reduce the risk of long-term complications, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
Most of the time, PCOS is diagnosed in women in their 20s or 30s. However, it may also affect teenage girls. The symptoms often begin when a girl's periods start. Women with this disorder often have a mother or sister who has symptoms similar to those of PCOS. In women past adolescence, difficulty becoming pregnant or unexplained weight gain may be the first sign.
Signs and symptoms vary from person to person, in both type and severity. To be diagnosed with the condition, your doctor looks for at least two of the following:
Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome are at risk of developing other chronic conditions (some of which are listed below), especially if obesity also is a factor:
One may also have skin changes such as acne that gets worse; or Dark or thick skin markings and creases around the armpits, groin, neck, and breasts
For further reading and research into the causes, nature and risk factors of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, you may visit the links below, among others.